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Point-to-Point Protocol

August 5th, 2017 in ROUTE 300-101 Go to comments

If you are not sure about PPP and PPPoE, please read my PPP tutorial and PPPoE tutorial.

Question 1


Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) is a very basic two-way process. The username and password are sent in plain text, there is no encryption or protection. If it is accepted, the connection is allowed. The configuration below shows how to configure PAP on two routers:

R1(config)#username R2 password digitaltut1
R1(config)#interface s0/0/0
R1(config-if)#encapsulation ppp
R1(config-if)#ppp authentication PAP
R1(config-if)#ppp pap sent-username R1 password digitaltut2
R2(config)#username R1 password digitaltut2
R2(config)#interface s0/0/0
R2(config-if)#encapsulation ppp
R2(config-if)#ppp authentication PAP
R2(config-if)#ppp pap sent-username R2 password digitaltut1

Note: The PAP “sent-username” and password that each router sends must match those specified with the “username … password …” command on the other router.

Question 2


Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP) periodically verifies the identity of the client by using a three-way handshake. The three-way handshake steps are as follows:

1. When a client contacts a server that uses CHAP, the server (called the authenticator) responds by sending the client a simple text message (sometimes called the challenge text). This text is not important and it does not matter if anyone can intercepts it.
2. The client then takes this information and encrypts it using its password which was shared by both the client and server. The encrypted text is then returned to the server.
3. The server has the same password and uses it as a key to encrypt the information it previously sent to the client. It compares its results with the encrypted results sent by the client. If they are the same, the client is assumed to be authentic.

Note: PPP supports two authentication protocols: PAP and CHAP.

Question 3

Question 4


PPP supports two authentication protocols: Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) and Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP). PAP authentication involves a two-way handshake where the username and password are sent across the link in clear text. For more information about PPP Authentication methods, please read Point to Point Protocol (PPP) Tutorial

Question 5

Question 6

Question 7

  1. Abdul
    April 28th, 2016

    Please let me know if 149q is still valid

  2. person
    May 9th, 2016

    How vaild is the ccnp route ???
    How big is the dump ?

  3. Mohamed
    May 18th, 2016

    hi all

    i would like to to study the route course 300-101 so i need your support to provide me the best martial such as cisco study guide or other cisco official martial

    also the last dump which will be valid to the end of next month

    {email not allowed}

  4. John
    May 28th, 2016

    Passed 9xx thanks digitaltut

  5. Chuckwagon
    May 28th, 2016

    @Mohamed The best book is the official cert guide CCNP Routing and Switching ROUTE 300-101 by Kevin Wallace. As for study questions, you’re in the right place. All the Q&As you need can be found here. (Get the premium membership for practice SIMs) Memorizing questions won’t validate you as a CCNP. This site should be supplemental to your learning. This cert is meant to have weight behind it and if you show up to work as a CCNP with no practical CCNP knowledge, it devalues the cert (and you as an employee).

  6. anna
    July 9th, 2016

    hi der?can anybody suggest how to get the dums for the ccnp route exam
    i am so running out of time have to give it by end of this month
    thankyou in advance

  7. ali
    July 11th, 2016

    Hi gys,i have done ccna r&S exam, now i am confused what to do ccnp or what ever.

  8. Velvet
    August 15th, 2016

    Back in school, I’m doing so much lenngiar.

  9. Shina
    August 19th, 2016

    @Chuckwagon, please i don’t know if you can help me with the book by Kelvin Wallace, kindly forward it to: oluwashinasamson67@ gmail (dot). com Thanks

  10. Faustino Flom
    September 1st, 2016

    A black and white ensemble is the ideal chic get up for any occasion, social or professional. All black is certainly sophisticated slimming but can appear funeral at times, while all white is definitely reserved for brides. Combine black with white to make an attention getting fashion statement.Black Friday and Midnight Sales at California Outlet Malls


  11. network
    September 7th, 2016

    hello I want to start CCNP where is the best place to start from and 9tuts are enough?

  12. Engineer
    September 18th, 2016

    Hie Digitaltut/ anyone who can assist

    l have a slight problem accessing this helpful site. The questions are not displaying only the explanation are appearing on the screen. I am using Chrome to browse. Is there anything l can do to correct this problem. thanks for your help.

  13. Network guy
    September 28th, 2016

    15. Why don’t I see any questions and answers on digitaltut.com? I only see the explanation…
    Because of copyrighted issues, we had to remove all the questions and answers. You can download a PDF file to see the questions at this link: http://solidcon.ph/?viewid=route-questions-and-answers ..

  14. Anonymous
    October 2nd, 2016

    Network guy – What plug in do I need to use this site? I tried to open the composite quiz and it says I need a plug-in. It does not specify which or what plug-in.

  15. Devastated
    October 4th, 2016

    I took the ‘300-101: Implementing Cisco IP Routing’ exam today and failed with a 640. Not even 10 of the 49 total questions were from this site. What happened???

  16. please help
    October 6th, 2016

    hi Network guy, please any update about 149q dumps……. are it still valid….. i have seen comments it’s not valid any more.

  17. Anasttom
    October 7th, 2016

    How long does it takes to the new dump release usually?

  18. tagwa ali
    October 9th, 2016

    i have 183q
    any one want
    send to me in my email
    tagwatagelsir 88 @ gmail . com

  19. Dobrowski
    October 14th, 2016

    If you have the latest dump, can you please send to dobrowski007 @ gmail.com.

  20. Anonymous
    October 29th, 2016

    If you have the latest dump, can you please send to {email not allowed}

    October 31st, 2016



  22. Jane
    November 4th, 2016

    Please Please Please, could somebody email me the latest dumps pdf + Labs (Packet Tracer) for CCNP route exam on jane_woken52 @ yahoo.com . I will be very thankful of you guys. I don’t know how and where to find. Pleaseeeeeee .

  23. Sienna
    November 7th, 2016

    I passed my CCNA back in 2016 and since moved on to a windows engineer position go figure. As for me I won’t attend, but can recommend study material, in order of importance.
    1.) https://www.braindumps4it.com/braindumps-300-101.html

  24. Melisa
    November 14th, 2016

    Everything you require to get ready and quickly pass the tough CCDP Cisco Certified Design Professional 300-101exam with 100% pass guarantee in first attempt. http://www.grades4sure.com/300-101-exam-questions.html

  25. Netin
    November 17th, 2016

    I passed the written exam by scoring 90%. Most of the questions are from the http://www.testmayor.com dumps, though the sequences of choices are changed, so it is better to understand the concepts beforehand and go through the dumps so that you will not be surprised in the exam.

  26. Dinesh
    December 26th, 2016
  27. Anonymous
    January 4th, 2017

    Can someone comment about dumps in january? are they the same or any different questions?

  28. cisco_exam
    January 20th, 2017

    guys it looks like the exam has been changed

  29. Anonymous
    February 1st, 2017


    Can you any help me with latest dumps vinothayyavuatgmail.com

  30. Anonymous
    February 1st, 2017

    Can you any help me with latest dumps vinothayyavuatgmail.com for CCNP-Route

  31. Jane woken
    February 2nd, 2017

    can somebody tell me please that what is the last question of 40Q of TAGWA , in my life there is no answer of question “Meaning of priority 0 configured in ospf router?” .

  32. Jane woken
    February 2nd, 2017

    can somebody tell me please that what is the last question of 40Q of TAGWA , in my life there is no answer of question “Meaning of priority 0 configured in ospf router?” . Plus what it the correct answer for the following questions?
    Question 2
    Refer to the following configuration command.
    router(config)# ip nat inside source static tcp 8080 80
    Which statement about the command is true?
    A. Any packet that is received in the inside interface with a source IP port address of is translated to
    B. Any packet that is received in the inside interface with a source IP port address of is translated to
    C. The router accepts only a TCP connection from port 8080 and port 80 on IP address
    D. Any packet that is received in the inside interface with a source IP address of
    is redirected to port 8080 or port 80.


    Question 28
    A network engineer wants to ensure an optimal end-to-end delay bandwidth product. The delay is
    less than 64 KB. Which TCP feature ensures steady state throughput?
    A. Window scaling
    B. Network buffers
    C. Round-trip timers
    D. TCP acknowledgments

    some people said the answer is wrong of TAGWA file. Please help

  33. Adam
    February 2nd, 2017

    @ Jane woken

    Q1: No DR/BDR is selected
    Q2: B (although my pdf says A)
    Q3: A

  34. iialexandru
    March 1st, 2017

    Hello guys,
    Can you please send me all the valid dumps please? I want to take CCNP Route exam on the beginning of April, and this will help me a lot. My email address is {email not allowed}
    Thank you very much!

    March 18th, 2017

    Hi Guys,
    I want book for my ccnp routing exam 300-101 in March end. can any one please send a latest dump? I will be very great full. meta4londonltd at gmail dot com…………….plz plz help me out for it..

    Many thanks

  36. Laksh
    March 26th, 2017

    Hi All,
    I give my exam on 23rd of this month. On sims after implementing the configuration, copy running start-up command is not worked for 2 sims. I claimed same with exam instructor. But He is trying to call pearson guy to check but my exam time was on going. It was nightmare. Finally my time got over. I got 690 marks. My two sims EIGRP OSPF Redistribute and OSPF sim worked fine by testing ping n all. but unable to save it. My two SIMS almost 200 marks lost there itself with their mistake. I suppose to get 890 marks. Could you please tell anyone how to claim if there’s mistake ? and also confirm what is the marks for each sim ??

  37. Anonymous
    March 28th, 2017

    please someone email me the newest dump narcisse.aspilaire at gmail thank you in advance, anything that would help greatly appreciated

  38. Hara-123
    April 16th, 2017

    Hello could someone help and provide me with the latest dump ? I will pass the exam at the end of this month.

  39. Anonymous
    April 17th, 2017

    The exam changed. The dumps as study material are okay but are only about 50-60% covered in the exam. If you only use the dumps you will not pass. Perhaps a 690-770.

  40. Anonymous
    June 1st, 2017

    Hello anyone, can you help me with the dumps Route and TSHOOT?
    My e-mail is: info AT anemosradio.com
    Thank you!

  41. (heno)
    July 19th, 2017

    hello pls can any one drop yhe last route dump on amna00elamir @ gmail ..thanks

  42. parker
    August 2nd, 2017


    Dude that was valid many moons ago! Stop advertising unrelated details here!!!

  43. Anonymous
    August 25th, 2017

    Failed today with 760pts….although I cleared all my labs , loads of new questions ,don’t trust any dumps…study hard chaps….and loads of simlet ( IPV6 , ACL, NAT, NAT-PT ETC ETC )

    ACL very important ( IPV6 and IPV4 both)

    I was using my old 642-902 books :(, please get the new cert guide for CCNP route 300-101)

  44. Steffy
    August 28th, 2017

    Hello, for latest valid dump with continuous update, please contact me at steffyshirls @ gmail .com

  45. learner
    October 13th, 2017

    Q 5:
    I think B and D is correct.

    B. CHAP provides a challenge to the client
    D. PAP requires a username and optional password

    Password authentication protocol (PAP) and challenge handshake authentication protocol (CHAP) are both used to authenticate PPP sessions and can be used with many VPNs. Basically, PAP works like a standard login procedure; the remote system authenticates itself using a static username and password combination. The password can be encrypted for additional security, but PAP is subject to numerous attacks. In particular, since the information is static, it is subject to password guessing as well as snooping.

    CHAP takes a more sophisticated and secure approach to authentication by creating a unique challenge phrase (a randomly generated string) for each authentication. The challenge phrase is combined with device hostnames using one-way hashing functions to authenticate in the way where no static secret information is ever transmitted over the wire. Because all transmitted information is dynamic, CHAP is significantly more robust than PAP.

  46. learner
    October 15th, 2017

    Correction, think I made a mistake…

    Q 5:
    I think B and C is correct.

    B. CHAP provides a challenge to the client
    C. PAP can be used by TACACS+ for with

  47. Switch_ROUTE
    October 22nd, 2017

    Which two debug commands can you use to view issues with CHAP and PAP authentication? (Choose two)

    A. debug tacacs
    B. debug ppp authentication
    C. debug radius
    D. debug aaa authentication
    E. debug ppp negotiation

    It should be B and E but some sites are saying that it is B and C, Anybody have any idea and can supply reference for their answer

  48. Anonymous
    November 7th, 2017


  49. Lavern
    November 9th, 2017

    Dose anyone have the full version for this dumps? https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B5mAFqgydmCzVWtzU09fYV9SZGc

  50. Elijah
    November 9th, 2017

    Found this VCE with the CCNA questions, can anyone confirm if this are valid https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B5mAFqgydmCzd1duSE5uLVhkVFk

  51. Edison
    November 9th, 2017

    Passed today, used the 539q dumps.

  52. durshen
    November 11th, 2017

    Hi everyone, I have the valid dump with me and I’m wiling to share. Please contact me via durshen81 @ gmail .com

  53. Gomas
    November 12th, 2017


    Can you share your 539q dump?


  54. Darrel
    November 28th, 2017
  55. Shad
    November 28th, 2017

    Passed today, Labs are same as the one here. Questions were all from this dumps https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B5mAFqgydmCzNno3dnFocF9HckU

  56. Curt
    December 4th, 2017

    Passed, you can find part of the questions from the exam in this dumps https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B5mAFqgydmCzVWtzU09fYV9SZGc

  57. id
    December 5th, 2017

    Hello, have you got some most actual dumps from it libraries or from some other source ? (december). Thank you very much

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