Typhoon Proof Houses in the Philippines
TROPICAL cyclone “Nona” (international name: Melor) has intensified into a typhoon, the state weather bureau said Sunday afternoon.
But how do we build homes that will resist the onslaught of floods, earthquakes and typhoons like Haiyan? Here are some essential tips to keep in mind:
1. Four-sided slope roof
According to Gabitan, the best structure for the roof of a house especially during storms is a four-sided slope like an elongated pyramid with a rectangular base that lessens wind pressure and decreases the risk of structural destruction over time.
2. Storm shutters, installation
Most Philippine houses have windows, even in the slums with cheap glass the risk is that most of these materials cannot withstand 200 km/h winds, so the glass breaks and makes those inside even more vulnerable. This can be easily fixed installing storm shutters. Gabitan also recommends the louver-type window frame as it can be cover glass windows to lessen the pressure during a storm.
Homes should be also built using earthquake-resilient materials, aside from typhoon-resilient ones. Baclagon explained that using the load-bearing design will be perfect for this purpose because it will be adaptable movement of the ground, lessening the potential damage to the house.
Every year, Filipinos brace themselves for floods during the rainy season, so making houses flood-resilient is a no-brainer. Elevating homes and putting them on stilts can be an option, but this will be a band-aid solution because of the risk it poses when an earthquake hits.
5.Footing the bill
Sadly, all the recommendations above will prove useless if people lack the financial means to do so. The question of who will pay for the reconstruction and climate-proofing of houses in the hardest-hit areas by Haiyan will be a major challenge.
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